Tag: cultivation

Italy’s Supreme Court Gets It Right, Growing Your Own Cannabis Is Not a Crime

Cultivating quality cannabis is not a simple task. One of my personal pet peeves is when people claim that growing must be so easy, since it “grows like a weed.” While the plant can “grow like a weed” if you simply want to keep it alive, but if you desire top shelf, or even medium shelf, flowers, there is a lot that goes into the cultivation process, depending upon a plethora of factors, from genetics to the soil to whether you are cultivating indoors or outdoors. It can be done, of course, but it isn’t as easy as plopping up a cannabis plant somewhere with sunlight and just feeding it water.

However, regardless of the difficulty of cannabis cultivation, it is something that should be available to all adults, without any fear of criminal punishment. Personally, I believe that no legalization law is complete without home cultivation (I’m looking North up to you, Washington State) and am proud that Oregon allows adult households up to four plants without any medical license. Cultivating your own cannabis can be therapeutic for patients, a fun past time, or an inexpensive way to supply, or supplement, your usage.

While the exact specifics of the case and its implications aren’t available yet, the Italian Supreme Court recently ruled that growing your own personal cannabis garden is not a crime. The case appealed to Italy’s top court arose from the fact that a local man was sentenced to up to a year in prison for growing two plants for his own use. Wisely, the court determined that such actions do not warrant a harsh criminal punishment, as The New York Times reported:

Growing small amounts of marijuana at home for private use is not a crime, Italy’s top court has ruled, putting an end to a yearslong legal dispute and adding Italy to the short list of countries to allow cultivation of recreational cannabis.

A 1990s law prohibits the cultivation and sale of marijuana in Italy, but conflicting court decisions, and a 2016 amendment that opened a loophole in the law, created confusion over how it should be interpreted.

The country’s highest court appears to have settled at least part of the question, writing in a one-page statement of its findings that “at home, small-scale cultivation activities are to be considered excluded from the application of the penal code.”

Hopefully, the decision leads full legalization ultimately as legislators and policymakers should find the ruling untenable as people learn that cultivating a couple of cannabis plants is no longer a crime, but without certainty regarding plant or possession limits. Italy should take the next step and end cannabis prohibition, bringing more freedom, jobs and revenue to its people.

Cannabis Cultivation Regions in Oregon

An “appellation” is a legally defined and protected geographical indication found on a wine label. The appellation indicates the wine’s origin and, often dictates a standard of quality. They are found in almost every wine growing region in the world. There are many other food products, such as cheese and teas, which also have appellations.

One man’s constant is another man’s variable.

— Alan Perlis

During the latter years of cannabis prohibition areas such as the Emerald Triangle and Southern Oregon became known for distinctive black market cannabis. Many connoisseurs could begin to rely on a certain quality when making a purchase from these regions. During the onset of medical cannabis programs, many other regions began cultivation and new recognized areas began to appear on the market. Oregon has world-famous cannabis, sought out by epicureans and aficionados much in the same way Oregon wine and micro-brews are.

Here in Oregon, we have an inimitable climate. Various regions of this state possess more than one climate type, also known as micro-climates. Each climate type will cause a strain to express its genetics differently, so strains cultivated across the state have wildly different representations depending on the region. Cannabis grown here can benefit from defining appellations or regions. Which in turn would benefit the small or craft cannabis farms.

Southern Oregon has many compact regions that are becoming well-known in dispensaries across the state such as Rogue Valley and Applegate Valley. These regions have a Mediterranean type of climate which provide ideal conditions for the cultivation of most any strain, it is known that long-flowering tropical sativas with Thai or Hawaiian lineage fare the best in these regions when compared other Oregon regions.

The coastal range has a very cool climate, and is an area that is primarily indoor farms due to the cold and moist climate many of the fast flowering sedative Indica varietals are chosen here. The air is cool enough to cause purpling of the leaves and buds of the plant; the flower hailing from this region of has a wide range of colors.  

The Willamette Valley is moist as well, but with a much warmer climate and very fertile soils. This area shows a great number of indoor as well as greenhouse and light deprivation operations. Many strains cultivated here are hybridized due to breeding and trading. This is the temperate area stretching from Eugene to northeast Portland.

Central Oregon sees many climates each week. The weather is ever changing so many choose to work with Afghani and Mazari based Indica varietals. Brave and highly experienced central Oregon farmers choose Sativa and Sativa dominant hybrids as the sun here is long and full, as is the summer, despite sometimes harsh weather changes.  

Eastern Oregon is high desert but brushed right up against the Blue mountains. The sun is hot and the winds are strong. Winter comes fast- and once the cold comes to Eastern Oregon it is very cold and sometimes lasts until late May. The unpredictable harshness as well as long hours of direct sun, Kush strains are favored here for shorter flowering times and stronger branches.

Learn more about your cannabis growing region by speaking to your local knowledgeable budtenders and attending cannabis focused conventions or seminars. Take notes on your favorite strains, ask what company cultivated your flower and where; many people begin to recognize specific traits, various flavors and aromas, flower structures and find that they have a commonly preferred region.

Finding which regions you enjoy the most can provide for a great opportunity for discovery and learning as well as help expedite your dispensary visit.

Brandon Krenzler
Kind Leaf Pendleton

Further Reading:

http://www.occnewspaper.com/oregon-cannabis-appellation-regions-a-proposal/

https://www.whaxy.com/learn/landrace-cannabis-strains

https://www.leafly.com/news/cannabis-101/the-cannabis-origin-what-is-a-landrace-strain

https://www.justice.gov/archive/ndic/pubs22/22486/appa.htm

http://www.wweek.com/cannabis/2016/10/04/are-growing-regions-the-next-defining-factor-for-the-oregon-cannabis-industry/